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Taj Mahal Agra
   

Taj Mahal is situated on the bank of the river Yamuna in Agra. Taj Mahal had constructed in 1631-1653. It is built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan its spread over 42 acres. Today Taj Mahal is one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Taj Mahal was constructed over a period of twenty-two years, employing twenty thousand workers. It was finished in 1648 C.E. at a cost of 32 Million Rupees. The structure documents show that its master inventor was Ustad ‘Isa, the famous Islamic designer of his time. The documents contain names of those employed and the list of construction materials and their origin.

Professional craftsmen from Delhi, Qannauj, Lahore, and Multan were employed. In addition, many famous Muslim craftsmen from Baghdad, Shiraz and Bukhara worked on many particular tasks.

The Taj stands on a raised, square platform (186 x 186 feet) with its four corners truncated, forming an unequal octagon. The architectural design uses the interlocking arabesque thought, in which every element stands on its own and completely integrates with the major structure. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and symmetry of architectural essentials.

Its necessary dome is fifty-eight feet in width and rises to a height of 213 feet. It is flanked by four subsidiary domed chambers. The four stylish, slender minarets are 162.5 feet each. The entire mausoleum (inside as well as outside) is decorated with inlaid design of flowers and calligraphy with costly gems such as agate and jasper. The chief archways, chiseled with passages from the Holy Qur’an and the bold scroll work of flowery pattern, give a attractive attraction to its beauty. The important domed chamber and four adjoining chambers contain many walls and panels of Islamic decoration.

The mausoleum is a part of a huge complex comprising of a chief gateway, an elaborate garden, a mosque (to the left), a guest house (to the right), and numerous extra palatial buildings. The Taj is at the farthest end of this complex, with the river Jamuna behind it. The large garden contains four reflecting pools dividing it at the center. Every of these four sections are added subdivided into four sections and then every into yet another four sections. Like the Taj, the garden essentials serve like Arabesque, standing on their own and also represent the whole.

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Historical Buildings in Rajasthan

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Udaipur Lake Palace

Agra Fort

 
   
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