Ranthambhore National Park, set beside the backdrop of the historic 1000-year-old Ranthambhore Fort, lies in the area where the ancient ranges of the Vindhyas' flat-topped hills merge with the sharp ridges of the Aravallis. The forests around the historic fort were once the hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur. It was this desire to protect wild game for sport that gave the area some protection and by 1972 Ranthambhore was one of the nine core zones under Project Tiger.
Ranthambhore uniqueness lies in its man-made lakes and ancient reservoir, which have combined into the natural system as vital sources of water. Tigers often chase their prey into the lakes in large daylight and have been regularly known to take on crocodiles. It is such intrepidness, which some ascribe to their martial Rajput environment, that makes Ranthambhore a good place to photograph tigers. The scenic Padam Talao, Malik Talao and Raj Bagh, with the amazing fort in the background, are images that get permanently etched onto your mind.
The way follows the general place of the land taking you throughout the main area of dry deciduous forest in the world. At Ranthambhore, park trip give a hint of the ruins of mosques, tombs, watchtowers and palaces spread within the park. Ranthambhore, park safari affords a sight of the ruins of mosques, tombs, watchtowers and palaces spread within the park. Ranthambhore also has a great population of panthers, the second main predators of the forest. Marsh Crocodiles abound in the lakes and the Gangetic Dolphin and Gharial can sometimes be spotted in the chambal River, which forms a natural boundary for the park towards the east.
One of the best places to watch tigers in the wild, Ranthambhore also has a crowd of other predators such as the Caracal, Leopard, Sloth Bear and Jungle Cat. The prey particular include Sambar, Chital, Nilgal, Chinkara and the Wild Boar. The protected Blackbuck can be seen in fields close to the preserve. Scavengers like Striped Hyena, Jackal Mongoose and the general Fox are also seen here. The Common Langur certainly lives up to its name.
Of the 330 type of birds reported at Ranthambhore, the famous ones are Variable Wheatear, Tickell's Blue Flycatcher, Rufus-tailed Shrike, Sirkeer Malkhoa, Painted Spurfowl, Blue-breasted Quail and Rain Quail. Raptors include Lesser Spotted Eagle, Bonelli's Eagle, Changeable Hawk Eagle and owls such as the Brown Fish Owl and Collared Scops Owl. In the areas adjoining the park, one preserve spot the Greater Flamingo, Demoiselle Crane, Kentish Plover, Yellow Wattled Lapwing, Brown-headed Gull, Ruff and the Indian Courser.